Governments at all levels should establish forest ecological benefit compensation funds
the problems that China's ecological public welfare forest compensation policies and mechanisms need to be improved have been concerned by all sectors of society. The Ministry of Finance and the State Forestry Administration recently jointly issued the newly revised Measures for the administration of the central government forest ecological benefit compensation fund. The new approach presents five highlights, namely: highlight local governments, redefine the powers of the central and local governments, and urge local governments to establish forest ecological benefit compensation funds; The scope of central financial compensation has been expanded; The compensation object is broader and the way is more flexible; Strengthen the compensation for direct managers and guardians. Jinan new era assay instrument Co., Ltd. specializes in mechanical testing of each material of the experimental machine as long as it is technically required; Penalties for violations were added
since the beneficiaries of forest ecological benefits are the whole society, according to the principle of "who benefits, who compensates", governments at all levels and direct beneficiaries should compensate for the management and protection of key public welfare forests. According to the principle of matching administrative power with financial power and the requirements of the central forestry decision, governments at all levels should establish forest ecological benefit compensation funds. In order to highlight the role of local governments, the new measures further clarify the functions and powers of the central and local governments, stipulate that "governments at all levels shall establish forest ecological benefit compensation funds according to the division of powers", "the central fiscal compensation fund is an important source of forest ecological benefit compensation funds", and rename the "central forest ecological benefit compensation fund" in the original method as "central fiscal forest ecological benefit compensation fund"
the new method has increased the compensation scope of the central government, changed the compensation scope from the original "forest land in the key public welfare forest land, as well as the sparse forest land, shrub land and shrub land in the areas with serious desertification and soil erosion" to "key public welfare forest land", and solved the compensation problem of non forest land such as suitable forest land, shrub land and nursery land in the key public welfare forest land, At the same time, it is conducive to solving the compensation problem of afforestation of immature forest land in key public welfare forest areas in key forestry projects
in view of the specific situation that the ownership of key public welfare forests is complex and difficult to manage and protect, the new method has re standardized the compensation method, stipulating that if the owner or operator of key public welfare forests is an individual, the central financial compensation fund will be paid to individuals, and individuals will perform management and protection in accordance with the provisions of the contract; If the owner or operator is a state-owned unit or collective, it stipulates that the scope of management and protection expenditure is the purchase of labor services by the management and protection personnel of key public welfare forests, the establishment of source files of forest assets, if necessary, the replacement of gaskets, forest fire prevention, forest pest control, replanting, tending and other related expenses
in order to further protect the interests of key public welfare forest managers, especially forest farmers, and in combination with the reform of the collective forest ownership system, the new method defines the compensation object more accurately as "the owners and operators of key public welfare forests". At the same time, the provincial funds for forest fire prevention, pest control, resource monitoring and other projects will be reduced from the original 0.50 yuan per mu to 0.25 yuan, and the scope of expenditure will be redefined; For example, the pre judgment of the experimental results as unqualified and ineffective has increased the compensation for direct management and protection from the original 4.50 yuan per mu to 4.75 yuan. According to relevant experts, this time, the compensation object is defined as "the owner and operator of key public welfare forests", which is in line with the relevant contents of the detailed rules for the implementation of the forest law
since the forest ecological benefit compensation fund of the central government is a long-term compensation policy, in order to ensure the safety and use effect of funds, the new method has revised the punishment of related problems. It stipulates that "the use of the central financial compensation fund and the management and protection of key public welfare forests violate the regulations, causing serious problems; the requisition and occupation of key public welfare forests to enhance the core competitiveness of products are falsified; the relevant materials are not submitted more than one month overdue for two consecutive years or the content of the submitted materials is not in line with the regulations", "the Ministry of finance will reduce the central compensation fund of relevant provinces and regions by 1% at a time in the next year"